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Which war resulted in the beginning of the modern state system in europe?

The English Monarchy Which war was sparked by religious conflict and resulted in the increased power of France, the weakening of Spain and Austria and the devastation of germany The Thirty Years War European monarchs became absolute rulers in response to.. The end date of the early modern period is variously associated with the Industrial Revolution, which began in Britain in about 1750, or the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789, which drastically transformed the state of European politics and ushered in the Napoleonic Era and modern Europe The Thirty Years' War, a series of wars fought by European nations for various reasons, ignited in 1618 over an attempt by the king of Bohemia (the future Holy Roman emperor Ferdinand II) to impose.. The Thirty Years' War was a 17th-century religious conflict fought primarily in central Europe. It remains one of the longest and most brutal wars in human history, with more than 8 million..

The Thirty Years' War, fought throughout central Europe from 1618-1648 between Protestants and Catholics, laid the legal foundation for the nation-state. The war involved many nations of Europe, including many small German states, the Austrian Empire, Sweden, France, and Spain History of Europe - History of Europe - The emergence of modern Europe, 1500-1648: The 16th century was a period of vigorous economic expansion. This expansion in turn played a major role in the many other transformations—social, political, and cultural—of the early modern age. By 1500 the population in most areas of Europe was increasing after two centuries of decline or stagnation A series of treaties make up the Peace of Westphalia, which is considered by political scientists to be the beginning of the modern international system, in which external powers should avoid interfering in another country's domestic affairs

The Concert of Europe to the outbreak of World War I Balance of power and the Concert of Europe. Through the many wars and peace congresses of the 18th century, European diplomacy strove to maintain a balance between five great powers: Britain, France, Austria, Russia, and Prussia.At the century's end, however, the French Revolution, France's efforts to export it, and the attempts of. In 1914, when the Great War started, the major industrialized nations of Europe had developed large armies and navies and strategies for winning wars. This resulted in the belief that the war would be_____ By 1918, however, the tactical and technical solutions to the problems of the modern battlefield were starting to emerge. World War I ended in exhaustion before the new concepts could be developed fully, but the firm foundations were there for the mobile tactics and operations of World War II, and ever since The First World War was a calamity for Germany and Europe. The Second World War was an even bigger calamity for Germany and Europe. But without both World Wars there would be no European Union (EU) today. The EU has provided the essential infrastructure to deal with 'the German Question' - the role of the largest and most powerful state.

History Chapter 21 Review Flashcards Quizle

The Westphalian system did not create the nation-state, but the nation-state meets the criteria for its component states. European boundaries set by the Congress of Vienna, 1815. This map of Europe, outlining borders in 1815, demonstrates that still at the beginning of the 19th century, Europe was divided mostly into empires, kingdoms, and. European states, beginning with France and Spain, developed methods and apparatuses of warfare that catalyzed the emergence of the features we now associate with the modern state. The technologies of war (and really war itself) and the modern state are bound together in the historical record The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War. As the war raged, the leaders of the Allies met several times to direct the course of the fighting and to begin planning for the postwar world. With the defeat of Germany and Japan, their plans were put into action

Early modern Europe - Wikipedi

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The First World War certainly plays better in the French national memory than the defeat in 1940 followed by occupation and collaboration. For Britain, the Second World War was the 'good war' whereas the rights and wrongs of Britain's participation in the First World War were less clear - and are still debated today First, Which came first, the nation or the nation-state? Second, Is nation-state a modern or an ancient idea? Scholars continue to debate a number of possible hypotheses. Most commonly, the idea of a nation-state was and is associated with the rise of the modern system of states, often called the Westphalian system in. One hundred years ago Sunday, the Allies and Germany agreed to an armistice ending World War I. The Great War claimed 40 million lives - but also serves as an unexpected pivot point for modern. Few issues in modern history have received as much attention as assigning responsibility for the outbreak of the World War in 1914. The debate began during the war itself as each side tried to lay blame on the other, became part of the war guilt question after 1918, went through a phase of revisionism in the 1920s, and was revived in the 1960s thanks to the work of Fritz Fischer

Western Europe in 1470 THE RESULTS This war marked the end of English attempts to control continental territory and the beginning of its emphasis upon maritime supremacy. By Henry V's marriage into the House of Valois, an hereditary strain of mental disorder was introduced into the English royal family The fight against fascism during World War II brought into focus the contradictions between America's ideals of democracy and its treatment of racial minorities. With the onset of the Cold War, segregation and inequality within the U.S. were brought into focus on the world stage, prompting federal and judicial action (The beginning, the event that formed the immediate cause of the war, was the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand by a group of Bosnian high school students in June 1914, and that assassination was a direct result of the long process of separating Balkan countries from the fading Ottoman Empire And so it is again with his economic history of the First World War and its aftermath, The Deluge. They amount together to a new history of the 20th century: the American century, which according.

Europe Prior to the 1500s. In today's modern world, the idea of nations and nationalities is widely understood. For instance, I'm an American, and so are these guys In 1618, the first in a series of conflicts broke out in Northern Europe, sparking three decades of violence, famine and disease that swept across the continent and decimated its population. What we now know as the Thirty Years' War lasted until 1648 One hundred years ago Sunday, the Allies and Germany agreed to an armistice ending World War I. The Great War claimed 40 million lives — but also serves as an unexpected pivot point for modern civilization

Thirty Years' War ends - HISTOR

  1. After World War Two, Europe was carved up by the Soviet Union and its former Western allies, and the Soviets gradually erected an Iron Curtain splitting the East from the West
  2. The first industrial war - begun a century ago Monday - killed about 37 million people and destroyed monarchies that had endured for centuries, challenging everything people thought they knew about..
  3. The sixteenth century in Europe was a time of unprecedented change. It was the beginning of the modern era, and it saw a revolution in almost every aspect of life. The century opened with the discovery of a new continent. The renaissance in Italy was peaking and spreading north, even arriving in backwaters like England
  4. Fought both in continental Europe and also in overseas colonies between 1756 and 1763; resulted in Prussian seizures of land from Austria, English seizures of colonies in India and North America, a conflict in Europe, North America, and India, lasting from 1756 to 1763, in which the forces of Britain and Prussia battled those of Austria, France.

Thirty Years' War - HISTOR

War technology The war that was supposed to be the one to end all wars was in fact the beginning of all modern conflicts, the origin of the storm of steel, as described by German officer Ernst.. The Age of Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Reason or simply the Enlightenment) was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 17th and 18th centuries. The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on the pursuit of happiness, sovereignty of reason and the evidence of the senses as the primary sources of knowledge and.

Although the United States supported the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which favored the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestine, President Franklin D. Roosevelt had assured the Arabs in 1945 that the United States would not intervene without consulting both the Jews and the Arabs in that region America was different. Why get involved in Europe's self-destruction? When the Archduke of Austria-Hungary was killed in cold blood, igniting the most destructive war in human history, the initial reaction in the United States was the expected will for neutrality. As a nation of immigrants, The United States would have difficulty picking a side

Nations and States: The Rise of the Nation-State SparkNote

Result: Suffering and death (Florence Nightingale), Russia gave up land and control of the Black Sea, and realized they needed to modernize, France gained prestige, ended the Concert of Europe. Key Facts: first modern war The First World War has come to mark one of the great ruptures in modern history, the handmaiden of, to name but a small number of examples, new forms of literary irony, violence against civilians, and anti-colonial movements Some enslaved Africans had also reached Europe, the Middle East and other parts of the world before the mid-15th century, as a result of a trade in human beings that had also long existed in Africa The Westphalia area of north-western Germany gave its name to the treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War, one of the most destructive conflicts in the history of Europe. The war or series of connected wars began in 1618, when the Austrian Habsburgs tried to impose Roman Catholicism on their Protestant subjects in Bohemia

Beginning with the Battle of Lake Khasan (July 29 to Aug. 11, 1938), the conflict was a result of a dispute over the border of Manchu China and Russia. Also known as the Changkufeng Incident, the battle resulted in a Soviet victory and expulsion of the Japanese from their territory The 50 years of war left England in financial ruin. The government officials went begging for loans from guess who, and the deal proposed resulted in a government sanctioned, privately owned bank which could produce money from nothing, essentially legally counterfeiting a national currency for private gain Though World War II overshadows World War I in American Jewish consciousness, Professor Daniel Schwartz argues that it was the latter that shifted the arc of Jewish history — by fanning virulent anti-Semitism, and by motivating the British-Zionist alliance that led to the creation of the State of Israel The German Revolution of 1918-1919 resulted in the creation of the left-leaning Weimar Republic, which lasted until Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party seized power in the early 1930s. Many historians..

In Europe most of the borders that had been established at the end of the first world war were restored. The Soviet Union seized back some bits of territory such as Bessarabia, which it had lost. FC88A — The early stages of the Thirty Years War (1618-31) FC88B — The later stages of the 30 Years War (1631-48) Absolute Monarchies in Europe — Unit 14: The rise of absolute monarchies in Eastern and Western Europe (c.1600-1700) FC96C — The English Revolution From the Restoration Monarchy to the Glorious Revolution (1660-1688 The poet Alan Seeger, born in New York and educated at Harvard University, lived among artists and poets in Greenwich Village, New York and Paris, France. When the Great War engulfed Europe, and before the United State entered the fighting, Seeger joined the French Foreign Legion. He would be killed at the Battle of the Somme in 1916 Whatever the outcome in each case, the wars (the Hundred Years' War was made up of several wars) moved both England and France along the road to becoming nation-states in the modern sense. By the end of the Middle Ages both kingdoms were unified states with strong central governments Europe in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries • Medieval Europe: 1300-1500 CE - the long-term consequences •the formation of modern Europe •grave changes in mental attitudes - a loss of confidence in traditional faith - the idea of Christendom was abandoned •the beginning of the decline of the medieval papacy, e.g. the.

World War One was the first mass global war of the industrialised age, a demonstration of the incredible power of modern states. Stephen Badsey tells the story of the birth of 'total war' Germany was blamed because it declared war before any other country, sparking a domino effect (not the cold war one) for its allies and others countries to declare war. This is pretty much the same reason for WW2 because Germany also declared war first, plus, invaded a neutral country. (3 votes The short-lived War of the Bavarian Succession (1778-1779), also known as the Potato War, demonstrated that peace and stability in western Europe led to increasing tensions in eastern Europe, beginning with the partition of Poland in 1772 and continuing through to the French Revolutionary Wars. 2 The Russians mediated the Peace of Teschen, which ended the Austro-Prussian conflict in 1779

History of Europe - The emergence of modern Europe, 1500

  1. Described by satirists as the 'Sick Man of Europe', by the second half of the 1800s, the Ottoman sultanate was in rapid political, military and economic decline. The Ottomans were defeated in several wars including the Crimean War (1853-56), Russo-Turkish War (1877-78) and First Balkans War (1912-13)
  2. Social Transformation in Europe after World War II Patterns of everyday life and the structure of Western society changed after the war, just as much as political and economic recovery had instituted dramati
  3. 1. Biography. Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli's early life in comparison with many important figures of the Italian Renaissance (the following section draws on Capponi 2010; Vivanti 2013; Celenza 2015) He was born 3 May 1469 in Florence and at a young age became a pupil of a renowned Latin teacher, Paolo da Ronciglione

Westphalian sovereignty - Wikipedi

As a result, civic groups, church, state, and parents made larger investments in child rearing and education with efforts that divided along gendered lines. The Religious Reformations In the second decade of the sixteenth century, the Christian church experienced the first in a series of religious divisions along geographic lines The Mongol armies that established the largest land empire in history, stretching across Asia and into eastern Europe, are imperfectly understood. Often they are viewed as screaming throngs of horsemen who swept over opponents by sheer force of numbers rather than as disciplined regiments that carried out planned and practiced maneuvers

The Effects of a Global Thermonuclear War 4th edition: escalation in 1988 by Wm. Robert Johnston. last updated 18 August 2003. INTRODUCTION: The following is an approximate description of the effects of a global nuclear war. For the purposes of illustration it is assumed that a war resulted in mid-1988 from military conflict between the Warsaw Pact and NATO Preceded by first event called World War and followed by first really global war across Atlantic and Pacific. 12. 1950: decolonization of European empires in Asia and Africa produces world of national states for the first time and world of legal-representative-economic institutions in the UN system and Bretton Woods The Portuguese, in the 16th century, were the first to engage in the Atlantic slave trade. In 1526, they completed the first transatlantic slave voyage to Brazil, and other Europeans soon followed. Shipowners regarded the slaves as cargo to be transported to the Americas as quickly and cheaply as possible, there to be sold to work on coffee, tobacco, cocoa, sugar, and cotton plantations, gold.

The Concert of Europe to the outbreak of World War

In a way, the entire structure of modern Europe was created to take advantage of Germany's economic dynamism while avoiding the threat of German domination. In writing about German strategy, I am raising the possibility that the basic structure of Western Europe since World War II and of Europe as a whole since 1991 is coming to a close Japan fought a war against China in 1894-95 over the control of Korea and gained Taiwan, Japan's first colony. In 1902, Japan signed an alliance with Great Britain, which signified a dramatic increase in international status, and in 1904-5, Japan won a war against Russia, one of the major Western powers The Internet Modern History Sourcebook is one of series of history primary sourcebooks. It is intended to serve the needs of teachers and students in college survey courses in modern European history and American history, as well as in modern Western Civilization and World Cultures Modern globalization has been spurred by some of the same forces that powered the pre-WWI epoch: New technologies, an open, free-trade, rules-based world economic system underpinned by the.

The result was a period of exceptionally rapid growth from the end of World War II through the 1960s. Critical to Western Europe's success was the security of private property rights and reliance. The 1973 Oil Embargo acutely strained a U.S. economy that had grown increasingly dependent on foreign oil. The efforts of President Richard M. Nixon's administration to end the embargo signaled a complex shift in the global financial balance of power to oil-producing states and triggered a slew of U.S. attempts to address the foreign policy challenges emanating from long-term dependence on. Weak banking system. Another cause of the Great Depression was the structure of America's banking system. The country had thousands small banks that were unable to cope when people withdrew their money en masse. In 1930 a wave of banking closures swept through the mid-eastern states of the US for this reason

I. Introduction: Europe before 1347 CE. Europe had experienced a remarkable period of expansion during the High Middle Ages (1050-1300 CE) but that age of growth reached its limit in the later part of the thirteenth century (the late 1200's CE). By then, good farmland had been overworked, and new fields were proving only marginally productive History of the United States Industrialization and reform (1870-1916) The industrial growth that began in the United States in the early 1800's continued steadily up to and through the American Civil War. Still, by the end of the war, the typical American industry was small The point of the first portion of this lesson plan is to root the Scientific Revolution firmly in the larger picture of early modern Europe. It should provide students with an overview of the period and make strong connections between other important events of this time including trade and exploration, increased support for higher education, the impact of the Reformation in terms of diminished. 5. Different welfare states in Europe. 32Thus far we have compared the US versus Europe welfare state as if a single type of European welfare system existed. This is a simplification which was useful for the broad analysis of above, but clearly there are vast differences across European welfare states European Colonialism Pre-Colonial History. From the perspective of ancient and medieval Western civilization, the known world extended from northern Europe to the Sahara Desert, from the Atlantic Ocean to India (and, in the hazy distance, China). 33 The ancient Greeks and (especially) Romans traded with distant Asian cultures via intermediate states; goods were shipped overland or by combined.

K12 (WWI Unit) Modern History Flashcards Quizle

World War I and Modern Cool. fascists during the Spanish Civil War. That willingness to challenge the system also fueled the growth of protest culture, eventually leading to the anti-war. The result of these extensive negotiations was the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949. In this agreement, the United States, Canada, Belgium, Denmark, France, Iceland, Italy, Luxemburg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, and the United Kingdom agreed to consider attack against one an attack against all, along with consultations about threats and defense matters 1947 - 'Cold War' with the West begins in earnest as Soviet Union consolidates power in Eastern Europe and promotes pro-Soviet revolution in China, the Middle and Near East, and Asia In the wake of the World War I, a report by Senator Gerald P. Nye, a Republican from North Dakota, fed this belief by claiming that American bankers and arms manufacturers had pushed for U.S. involvement for their own profit. The 1934 publication of the book Merchants of Death by H.C. Engelbrecht and F. C. Hanighen, followed by the 1935 tract War Is a Racket by decorated Marine Corps. The Age of Reason, as it was called, was spreading rapidly across Europe.In the late 17th century, scientists like Isaac Newton and writers like John Locke were challenging the old order. Newton's laws of gravity and motion described the world in terms of natural laws beyond any spiritual force

Military Developments of World War I International

Weak banking system. Another cause of the Great Depression was the structure of America's banking system. The country had thousands small banks that were unable to cope when people withdrew their money en masse. In 1930 a wave of banking closures swept through the mid-eastern states of the US for this reason (C.F.R.) ³periods of war and those dates given in the declarations of war beginning and the proclamations, laws, or treaties terminating such conflicts.3 Adding to the confusion, during World War II, wars were declared and terminated with six individual combatant countries. Moreover, armistice dates are also often confused with termination dates. In 1760, the Industrial Revolution first started in Great Britain as an aftermath and natural progression from the Renaissance but soon spread to all other parts of Europe after the French Revolution. As a result, the last remaining traces of feudalism were swept away, bringing in the beginnings of modern capitalism 1Cross-Atlantic animosity goes well beyond the specific disagreements about the war in Iraq and the Middle East strategy and different international sympathies of the United States and Continental Western Europe (Europe in short from now on).These disputes stem from profound and broad differences in attitudes, government policies and worldview that separate the United States and Europe.

  1. istration began encouraging Americans to view the Soviet Union not as a threat, but rather as a partner both for victory over the Axis and for maintaining peace in the.
  2. Southern states were critical to the war effort during World War II (1941-45) and none more so than Georgia. Some 320,000 Georgians served in the U.S. Armed Forces during World War II, and countless others found employment in burgeoning wartime industries
  3. By the summer of 1990, all of the former communist regimes of Eastern Europe were replaced by democratically elected governments. In Poland, Hungary, East Germany and Czechoslovakia, newly formed center-right parties took power for the first time since the end of World War II
  4. The three infectious diseases most likely to be considered extinction-level threats in the world today—influenza, HIV, and Ebola—don't meet these two requirements
  5. The formula was designed to favor Western and Northern European countries and drastically limit admission of immigrants from Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Southern and Eastern Europe. In major revisions to U.S. immigration law in 1952, the national-origins system was retained, despite a strong veto message by President Truman
  6. A woman looks at a replica of a first world war recruitment poster at an Arlington National Cemetery exhibit. Photograph: Rex/Shutterstock. The war was a catalyst for the great migration of.

A growing Community - the first enlargement. Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom join the European Union on 1 January 1973, raising the number of Member States to nine. The short, yet brutal, Arab-Israeli war of October 1973 results in an energy crisis and economic problems in Europe Many of the British North American colonies that eventually formed the United States of America were settled in the seventeenth century by men and women, who, in the face of European persecution, refused to compromise passionately held religious convictions and fled Europe the United States from Northern or Western Europe (especially Great Britain, Germany, and Scandinavia) during the first wave of immigration following American independence and extending up to about 1860. The second enormous group of immigrants—the Poles, Italians, Irish, and Jews—overlapped the first wave, arriving during the 1820-1920.

Nevertheless, the Civil War lasted four painful years and resulted in more than 600,000 deaths. The decade following became known as Reconstruction, as the nation struggled to heal the wounds of the war and re-integrate the former Confederate states It began on American soil and was brought to Europe, that war was part of what the French and British called the Seven Years War. War of Independence Negotiations between Red Cloud and 125 chiefs at Ft. Laramie and the U.S. government resulted in a return of the Bozeman Trail to the natives. First Gulf War (Operation Desert Storm) 1991 A peaceful Europe - the beginnings of cooperation. The European Union is set up with the aim of ending the frequent and bloody wars between neighbours, which culminated in the Second World War. As of 1950, the European Coal and Steel Community begins to unite European countries economically and politically in order to secure lasting peace Footnotes: Chapter I. 1 A paper read at the meeting of the American Historical Association in Chicago, July 12, 1893. It first appeared in the Proceedings of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin, December 14, 1893, with the following note: The foundation of this paper is my article entitled 'Problems in American History,' which appeared in The Ægis, a publication of the students of the.

Introduction to Nation-States Western Civilizatio

The Degradation of Work Revisited: Workers and Technology in the American Auto Industry, 1900-2000 by Stephen Meyer. Labor under Mass Production: Ford and the Five Dollar Day. As the late nineteenth century American system of manufacture evolved into the early twentieth century, the Fordist system of mass production—the standardization and interchangeability of parts, the increased use of. In fact, in 12 of 16 cases over the last 500 years in which there was a rapid shift in the relative power of a rising nation that threatened to displace a ruling state, the result was war The First World War saw the colonial empires of France and Britain mobilised to aid European and imperial war efforts. This mobilisation and the difficulties of demobilisation placed considerable strain on imperial systems which were only partly addressed through post-war reforms. The Great War also unleashed an unprecedented ideological challenge to colonial rule embodied in the ideas of.

Understanding the Modern State Libertarianism

Latest Europe news, comment and analysis from the Guardian, the world's leading liberal voic What is happening in Europe in 500CE. This map shows the history of Europe in 500 CE. The Roman Empire survives in the east, but the western provinces have fallen to a group of German tribes.. The Roman Empire in decline. The past three centuries have seen the Roman Empire experience many changes.The great days of ancient Rome are past, and the city of Rome itself has ceased to be the seat of. The first squadrons arrived in April 1918, and over the course of the war, fighter, bomber and reconnaissance squadrons would be in service at the front at any given time. The peak was arrived at between October and November 1918, when a total of 45 squadrons were present at the front lines, the grand majority comprised of fighters and observers 1. By bourgeoisie is meant the class of modern capitalists, owners of the means of social production and employers of wage labour.. By proletariat, the class of modern wage labourers who, having no means of production of their own, are reduced to selling their labour power in order to live. [Engels, 1888 English edition] 2. That is, all written history. In 1847, the pre-history of society, the.

The Postwar World After World War II - ThoughtC

The new poor law of 1834 was the result of this campaign, and where the principle of 'less eligibility' was enforced - help in the new system would only be offered if a person came into the 'House. The argument that capitalism was dependent on slavery is, of course, not new. In 1944, Eric Williams, in Capitalism and Slavery, made the case.In 1968, the historian Lorenzo Greene wrote that. In 2020, 521 000 first instance decisions on asylum applications were made in the EU Member States and a further 232 800 final decisions following an appeal or review. Decisions made at the first instance resulted in 211 800 persons being granted protection status, while a further 69 200 received protection status in appeal or review By the early years of the 20th century, the rise of the Labour movement in Britain (not to mention the introduction of a social insurance system in Bismarck's Germany during the 1880s) was challenging laissez-faire notions of state involvement in social policy. The Liberal government of Herbert Asquith (1906-14) introduced a number of measures.

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